2016 → 西餐的主要特点是主料突出,形色美观,口味鲜美,营养丰富,供应方便等




2015 → 对于西餐,走在时尚前沿的人士对此应该不陌生。西餐是一种迥然不同于我国饮食文化的舶来品。许多人听过它、也吃过西餐,但不知是否对这种复杂而讲究的东西“知根知底呢?




2014 → 从本期开始,本刊将开辟“西餐文化廓栏目,将源远流长的西方餐饮文化向你细细道来……




2013 → 西餐是我国人民和其他部分东方国家和地区的人民对西方国家菜点的统称,广义上讲,也可以说是对西方餐饮文化的统称。




2012 → 西餐厅我们所说的“西方习惯上是指欧洲国家和地区,以及由这些国家和地区为主要移民的北美洲、南美洲和大洋洲的广大区域,因此西餐主要指代的便是以上区域的餐饮文化。




2010 → 西方人把中国的菜点叫做“中国菜(Chinese food)、把日本菜点叫做日本料理、韩国菜叫做韩国料理等等,他们不会笼而统之地称之为“东方菜,而是细细对其划分,依其国名具体而命名之




2000 → 实际上,西方各国的餐饮文化都有各自的特点,各个国家的菜式也都不尽相同,例如法国人会认为他们做的是法国菜、英国人则认为他们做的菜是英国菜。西方人自己并没有明确的“西餐概念,这个概念是中国人和其他东方人的概念。




那么我们为什么会有这样的概念呢?这是因为我们在刚开始接触西方饮食时还分不清什么是意大利菜,什么是法国菜,英国菜,只能有一个笼统的概念。当时我国人就笼统地称其为“番菜,“番即西方的意思。我国古人常常以为中国就是世界的中心,看待其他国家和地区都习惯带上一种贬意,把东方称之为“夷、西方称之为“番、北方称之为“胡、南方则称之为“蛮。因此,所谓的“番菜指的就是西餐。




另外,就西方各国而言,由于欧洲各国的地理位置都比较近,在历史上又曾出现过多次民族大迁移,其文化早已相互渗透融合,彼此有了很多共同之处。再者,西方各国的宗教信仰主要是天主教、东正教和新教(只有很少一部分人信仰伊斯兰教),它们都是基督教的主要分支,因此在饮食禁忌和用餐习俗上也大体相同。至于南、北美洲和大洋洲,其文化也是和欧洲文化一脉相承的。因此,不管西方人是否有明确的“西餐概念,我国人民和其他东方人都对这部分大体相同,而又与东方饮食迥然不同的西方饮食文化统称为“西餐。




The main features are Western-style food ingredients prominent color, appearance, taste delicious, nutritious, convenient supply etc.




For Western food, walking in the forefront of the fashion should be no stranger to this. Western-style food is a totally different from our diet culture from. Many people heard of it, but also eat a Western-style food, but I do not know whether this complex and important things to know too much?




From the beginning of this period, this publication will open up the Western cultural profile column, the long history of Western food culture to you......




Western food is the people of our country and other parts of the eastern countries and regions of the western national food point of general, broadly speaking, it can be said that the western culture of food and beverage.




The restaurant we call "is used to refer to the Western European countries and regions, and the vast area from these countries and regions as the main immigration in North America, South America and Oceania, so Western-style food mainly refers to the generation of is the area above the dining culture.




Westerners Chinese dishes called "Chinese dish (Chinese food), the Japanese dish called Japanese cuisine, Korean cuisine called Korean cuisine and so on, they are not generally speaking called" Oriental cuisine, but thin on the division, according to the specific name is named after the




In fact, Western food culture has its own characteristics, dishes of various countries are not the same, for example, people would think they do French food, the British people think they do the dishes are British dishes. Westerners themselves and no clear "western concept, this concept is the concept of Chinese and other oriental.




So why do we have such a concept? This is because we have just begun to contact with the Western diet is not clear what is Italian food, what is French, British cuisine, can only have a general concept. At that time our country is generally called "some western western style food, which means. Our ancients often think that China is the center of the world, look at other countries and regions are in the habit of wearing a derogatory sense, the East is called "Yi, the west is called" fan, the North called "Hu, the south is known as the" pretty. Therefore, the so-called "western style food refers to Western-style food.




In addition, the western countries, European countries due to geographical location are relatively close, in history there have been many great national migration, its culture has integration, have a lot in common with each other. Furthermore, the western countries religion is mainly Catholic, orthodox and Protestant (only a few people believe in Islam), they are the main branches of Christianity, so in the diet and eating customs has substantially the same. As for the north and South America and Oceania, which is also the same culture and European culture. Therefore, no matter whether Westerners have a clear concept of Western food, the people of our country and other eastern people are generally the same, but also different from the East and the Western diet culture collectively referred to as "Western food".




But in the past few years, with the continuous impact of the eastern and Western culture, infiltration and blending, Oriental people have gradually learned that the different characteristics of the various dishes in western, and began to distinguish between the. Some high-level hotel also opened a French restaurant, Italian style restaurants, Western food as a general concept gradually tend to fade, but the western dining culture as a whole concept will continue to exist.


 
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